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China records first current account deficit in 17 years

China records first current account deficit in 17 years
May 14
11:07 2018

BEIJING: China has recorded its first quarterly current account deficit in nearly 17 years, ending its dream run of accumulating trade surplus as a top exporter for a period during which it amassed the world’s largest foreign exchange reserves of over USD 3.14 trillion.

China saw a current account deficit of USD 28.2 billion in the first quarter of this year, the country’s first quarterly deficit since the second quarter of 2001, data released by the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) showed.

The goods trade still ran a surplus of USD 53.4 billion, but registered a 35 per cent slump year-on-year, while the service trade posted a deficit of USD 76.2 billion, the biggest quarterly deficit since 1998, China’s Caixin magazine reported.

SAFE tried to play it down saying that the rare red figure in the current account was a result of seasonal factors, but economists said it could signal a fundamental shift in China’s international payment position, which in turn is a result of global economic rebalance in the last decade.

Ding Shuang, the chief China economist with Standard Chartered in Hong Kong, wrote in a note that China has run a current account surplus on an annual basis in the past 25 years and people tend to take (China’s) surplus for granted.

The situation that people have been taking for granted for a quarter of a century was about to change, Ding noted.

A moderate shock, against the backdrop of intensifying trade frictions, can push China’s current account into deficit, Hong Kong-based South China Morning Post quoted him as saying.

For China, the dip in its current account could not have come at a worst time as it is engaged in crucial trade talks with the US to meet the demands of President Donald Trump to reduce America’s USD 375 billion bilateral trade deficit immediately by USD 100 billion and USD 200 billion by 2020. PTI

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